Европа переходит Рубикон

Так называемая «Европейская политика соседства» до сих пор представляла собой нечто странное. В Европейском Союзе о ней много говорят, но практических результатов мало. Она была разработана как альтернатива постоянно увеличивающемуся количеству вариантов вступления в Евросоюз: скажем, например, включение стран Южного Кавказа. Но война в Ливане и её последствия привели к неожиданному и фундаментальному изменению неторопливого характера осуществления данной политики.

Ливанская война послужила резким напоминанием Евросоюзу о том, что у него есть «стратегические интересы» (в первую очередь, интересы безопасности), и что если он станет их игнорировать, цена будет высока. Более того, разделение труда между США и Европой не функционирует в прежней проверенной временем манере: продолжающаяся война в Ираке проверяет на прочность военные возможности Америки; она привела к кризису нравственной и политической легитимности США во всём арабско-исламском мире.

Решение государств-участников ЕС отправить несколько тысяч солдат в Ливан для претворения в жизнь резолюцию ООН №1701 о прекращении огня пока что является самым значительным решение Евросоюза в рамках его «политики соседства». Сможет ли ЕС и в самом деле стать стабилизирующей политической силой в самом опасном конфликтном регионе, находящемся в непосредственной географической близости от Европы?

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