财政联盟的诞生

普林斯顿——财政联盟往往是提升信誉的有效方式,还可以在广袤地理区域的不同民族间创造出新的团结意识。欧洲人因此常常向往美国模式。但他们从来没有仿效成功,因为他们具有形形色色的结盟动机。

身处绝境的国家往往将财政联盟视为应对紧急状况的唯一方式。1940年,面对纳粹的挑战,丘吉尔接受了由戴高乐提出的英法财政联盟,当时的法国在纳粹的铁蹄下已经沦陷。

战争结束5年后的1950年,德国战后首任总理康拉德·阿登纳同样提议成立财政联盟(这次是法德财政联盟)——借以摆脱战败国的生存危机。政治联盟的提议最终遭到拒绝;但经济联盟的辉煌却持续了六十多年——直到今天依然在延续。

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