Европа недовольна

ЛОНДОН: Газеты и телерепортажи пестрят сообщениями об уличных демонстрациях французских фермеров, рыбаков и водителей грузовиков, протестующих против повышения цен на горючее. Однако, если Европу и ждет осень и зима протеста, то не столь из-за блокады французскими водителями грузовиков нефтеперерабатывающих заводов во Франции, а потому, что некоторые ключевые вопросы европейской повестки дня, похоже, выходят из-под контроля, в особенности в Германии и Британии.

В известном смысле акции протеста во Франции до боли знакомы. Уличные демонстрации (по-французски Amanif) являются традиционной частью французского политического словаря, и, похоже, в данном случае их развитие идет по привычной схеме. В данном случае социалистическое правительство Лионеля Жоспена с опозданием попыталось проявить большую, чем обычно, твердость, но в остальном история выглядит привычно: иностранцы встревожены, а французы не слишком удивлены или обеспокоены.

В противоположность тому, недавние события в Германии выглядят менее традиционно и более тревожно. Во-первых, внезапно участились нападки неонацистов на иностранцев, - совсем недавно эта тема опять всплыла в заголовках газет после того, как три бритоголовых молодчика были осуждены за убийство чернокожего мозамбикца. В определенном смысле, этот феномен не нов. За последние десять лет в Германии 90 человек погибли при нападениях на иммигрантов, и эти нападения, похоже, напрямую связаны во-первых с крахом экономики Восточной Германии после объединения, а во-вторых с огромным наплывом беженцев, в особенности с Балкан.

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