Petro Poroshenko, Federica Mogherini Igor Golovniov/ZumaPress

坚守欧洲东线

斯托克霍姆—欧盟领导人在里加与欧盟的六个“东方合作伙伴”(Eastern Partnership)成员举行峰会,这让很多人想起了引人注目的2013年11月维尔纽斯会议。在维尔纽斯会议上,时任乌克兰总统亚努科维奇经不起俄罗斯的强大压力,拒绝签署欧盟-乌克兰结盟协议(EU-Ukraine Association Agreement)。该协议的谈判从2007年一直持续到2012年。

当然,当亚努科维奇回国时,他不得不面对基辅独立广场的成千上万示威者。示威者动员了整个国家,他们决心要让亚努科维奇信守签署欧盟协议、不让乌克兰加入与俄罗斯的关税联盟的承诺。亚努科维奇用安全部队镇压示威,但以失败告终,于是便一走了之。此后,俄罗斯在乌克兰的所作所为让东方合作伙伴变得比以往任何时候都更加重要。

东方合作伙伴始于2009年,由波兰和瑞典发起,当时我是瑞典外交部长。东方合作伙伴的目标是响应亚美尼亚、阿塞拜疆、白俄罗斯、格鲁吉亚、摩尔多瓦和乌克兰对某些一体化工具(instruments of integration)的渴望。这些一体化工具让中欧和巴尔干国家成为今天的民主国家和欧盟成员国。

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