David Cameron, Prime Minister of Great Britain Tolga Akmen/London News Pictures via ZUMA Wire

Невилл Кэмерон?

ЛОНДОН – Европейский вопрос – это «смерть с косой» для британской политической жизни: разделенные партии, измученные органы государственного управления и погубленные карьеры. Но ставки, связанные с этим вопросом, никогда прежде не были столь велики. Решение премьер-министра Дэвида Кэмерона провести референдум – возможно, уже в июне – о продолжении членства Соединенного Королевства в Европейском Союзе (ЕС) может смести его правительство, уничтожить его политическую партию и буквально разорвать страну.

Кэмерон делает все, что в его силах, для пересмотра условия членства своей страны в ЕС, чтобы убедить избирателей принять решение остаться в ЕС. Но общеизвестно, что результаты референдумов непредсказуемы. И нет никакой причины верить, что штормы популизма, дующего по ту сторону континента, не разбушуются на берегах Великобритании.

Решение выйти из ЕС свалилось бы на британскую экономику, как кузнечный молот, и значительно понизило бы ее международный престиж. Еще хуже то, что это может привести к распаду Великобритании. Шотландская Национальная партия (ШНП) угрожала провести второй референдум о независимости, если британские избиратели решат выйти из ЕС. Лидеры ШНП утверждают, что это позволило бы независимой Шотландии оставаться частью Европы, тогда как Англия, Уэльс и Северная Ирландия станут существовать самостоятельно вне ЕС.

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