Frederick Florin/AFP/Getty Images

构建以人为本的欧洲

发自巴黎——推动了英国脱欧的那股民粹主义不满情绪正弥漫在整个欧洲上空,让人们意识到政策制定者们早已偏离了欧洲计划的核心宗旨:为全体欧洲人造福。正如在1990年发布的第一份《联合国人类发展报告》所指出的那样:“人民才是一个国家真正的财富。”

让一个国家或地区的人们充分发挥自身能力的最好方法莫过于实现社会公平。而阿马蒂亚·森Amartya Sen)在其名作《正义的理念》中指出,真正的社会公平不是要求平等对待所有人,而是要给予穷人和那些遭遇逆境者更好的待遇。仅仅在公共财政或法律面前平等是不够的,还得考虑个人和社会群体在竞争起点上的不同。有见及此,自1990年以来的每一份联合国发展报告都表明如果某地的公共政策能把民生放在首位,则其经济和政治都会变得更加强大。

但这种理念却尚未在欧盟的精英决策圈里扎根,那些心怀善意的经济学家和政治家的人相信自己正在通过平衡预算和控制支出(通常由削减在医疗、 教育和基础设施预算)等手段做着正确的事。这些政策制定者在缺乏实证证据的情况下都认为今天的财政削减将带来明天的经济繁荣。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/tw8k29n/zh;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.