migrants in the mediterranean Nikolas Georgiou/ZumaPress

La parálisis migratoria de Europa

BERLÍN – Durante muchos siglos, Europa fue un continente plagado de guerras, hambrunas y pobreza. Millones de europeos se vieron obligados a emigrar por una privación económica y social. Cruzaron el Atlántico en barco hasta Norteamérica y Sudamérica, y llegaron a lugares tan lejanos como Australia, huyendo de la miseria y buscando una vida mejor para ellos y para sus hijos.

Todos ellos, según la terminología del actual debate sobre inmigración y refugiados, eran "migrantes económicos". Durante el siglo XX, la persecución racial, la opresión política y los estragos de dos guerras mundiales se volvieron causas predominantes de la huida.

Hoy, la Unión Europea es una de las regiones económicas más ricas del mundo. Durante décadas, una mayoría abrumadora de europeos ha vivido en estados democráticos pacíficos que defienden sus derechos fundamentales. La propia miseria y migración de Europa se han vuelto un recuerdo distante (si no completamente olvidado).

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