Christopher Furlong/ Getty Images

Europa debe despertar

BERLÍN – La decisión de los votantes del Reino Unido de abandonar la Unión Europea no es un ejemplo del humor negro británico que tanto me gusta. No es el “Monty Python’s Flying Circus”, “Yes, Prime Minister” o “Fawlty Towers”, sino sólo Boris, Michael y Nigel y su desastroso reality show político.

Considerando el peso económico, político y militar de Gran Bretaña, el Brexit dejará un enorme hueco en la UE, pero no destruirá a Europa. En estos momentos no puede decirse lo mismo del Reino Unido. ¿Seguirá unido el país, o lo abandonarán los escoceses e Irlanda del Norte buscará unirse a la República de Irlanda? ¿Ha sentado el Brexit las bases del declive de una de las economías más dinámicas de la UE y el fin de Londres como uno de los centros financieros globales?

La retirada de Gran Bretaña de la UE es un paso del que hasta ahora no había precedentes y que, sin duda, deparará muchas sorpresas desagradables. Hasta ahora, con la sola excepción de Groenlandia, la UE sólo se había ampliado, por lo que nadie sabe realmente cómo se llevará a cabo el proceso del Brexit, cuánto tiempo tomará (en el caso de Groenlandia fueron tres años) y qué implicaciones tendrá para Gran Bretaña y la UE.

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