Расширение ЕС: Возможности и ошибки

КЕМБРИДЖ: По всей Латинской Америке растут требования заключить союз с США, нацеленный на углубление региональной интеграции. Новоизбранный мексиканский президент Винсенте Фокс сделал тему свободной интеграции рынка труда важным элементом своей программы. Аргентина надеется достичь соглашения о свободной торговле, которое приблизит ее к Соединенным Штатам (по крайней мере, в глазах инвесторов) и тем самым снизит недавно возросшую рискованность капиталовложений. В Азии, по следам финансового кризиса 1997 года, Япония агрессивно проводит в жизнь региональную экономическую интеграцию. Центральные банки стран региона договорились об открытии одновременных кредитных линий; азиатские страны предложили упирающейся Японии заключить пакт о свободе торговли. Южную Корею (приведенную в ужас раскрывшимися японскими объятиями) принуждают к монетарной интеграции.

Однако именно в Европе, в ходе расширения Европейского Союза на Восток, перспектива региональной интеграции вырисовывается наиболее ярко. За южной волной двадцатилетней давности (Португалия, Испания и Греция) последовала новая волна, включающая в себя, на разных стадиях, десять пост-коммунистических стран. Наиболее многообещающими в плане размера экономики и географической близости являются Польша, Венгрия и Чешская Республика. Но в списке возможных членов ЕС широко представлены и страны Балкан, в том числе Румыния, и - как знать - Турция.

ЕС и страны-кандидаты на вступление

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