健康的抗脆弱性

纽约——因写作《黑天鹅》而广为人知的纳西姆·尼古拉斯·塔勒布又写了一本精彩的新书,书名叫抗脆弱性:从混乱中受益。按照塔勒布的说法,多数生命体都具有抗脆弱性——它们不仅不会被彻底打垮,反而在压力下愈加繁荣。过度宠爱反而会变得脆弱。进化就是一种抗脆弱的进程。

在真实的大千世界里,偶发的小型森林火灾烧毁灌木丛,从而降低重大大火灾的可能性。轻微地震可以释放地壳压力,防止大地震发生。

同样,健康经济体具有抗脆弱性,其所要求的不仅是消灭贫穷。强势经济中压力提高生产能力:短暂的经济衰退或小规模打击淘汰弱势参与者,以便人员和资金流向更有前途的企业和部门。

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