US military John Moore/Getty Images

De la CIA al FME

NUEVA YORK – Estados Unidos debe dejar de gastar en guerras e invertir más en educación; pasar de los cambios de régimen patrocinados por la CIA a la creación de un nuevo Fondo Mundial para la Educación (FME). En todo el mundo hay cientos de millones de niños que no van a la escuela, o van a escuelas con maestros mal preparados, sin computadoras, con aulas abarrotadas y sin electricidad. En estas condiciones, a muchas regiones les espera un destino de inestabilidad, desempleo y pobreza. El siglo XXI será de los países que eduquen adecuadamente a sus jóvenes para participar productivamente en la economía global.

El desequilibrio actual entre lo que dedica Estados Unidos a la educación mundial y lo que gasta en programas de naturaleza militar es asombroso: 1000 millones de dólares al año en lo primero contra unos 900 000 millones en lo segundo. Los programas de naturaleza militar incluyen el Pentágono (unos 600 000 millones de dólares), la CIA y organismos relacionados (unos 60 000 millones), el Departamento de Seguridad Nacional (unos 50 000 millones), sistemas de armas nucleares fuera del Pentágono (unos 30 000 millones) y programas para los veteranos (alrededor de 160 000 millones).

¿Qué político o funcionario estadounidense en su sano juicio puede creer que una proporción de 900 a 1 entre gastos militares y en educación mundial es el mejor modo de ayudar a la seguridad nacional? Claro que en esto, Estados Unidos no está solo. Arabia Saudita, Irán e Israel están dilapidando sumas enormes en una acelerada carrera armamentista en Medio Oriente, en la que Estados Unidos es el principal financista y proveedor de armas. China y Rusia también están reforzando el gasto militar, pese a tener otras prioridades internas apremiantes. Parece que buscáramos una nueva carrera armamentista entre las grandes potencias, cuando lo que realmente necesitamos es una carrera pacífica en pos de la educación y el desarrollo sostenible.

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