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La extraña muerte del secularismo turco

JERUSALÉN – Luego del fallido golpe militar de Turquía, se plantea un interrogante fundamental: ¿el presidente Recep Tayyip Erdoğan seguirá enfrascado en su camino autoritario, quizás con una sed de venganza, o se acercará a sus opositores e intentará zanjar las profundas fisuras en la sociedad turca?

El jurado todavía está deliberando, pero a juzgar por ejemplos históricos anteriores, los retos importantes a líderes autoritarios o semi-autoritarios normalmente conducen a un endurecimiento del régimen, no a una mayor moderación. Y las medidas tomadas por Erdoğan desde el fracaso del golpe -se anunciaron casi inmediatamente arrestos masivos y purgas de miles de soldados, jueces, policías y maestros- parecen confirmar el escenario más pesimista.

Sin embargo, sería un error ver lo que hoy está sucediendo en Turquía exclusivamente a través del prisma de la personalidad de Erdoğan y sus inclinaciones autoritarias. Él y su Partido de la Justicia y el Desarrollo (AKP) representan un cambio tectónico en la política turca que se replica en otros países de mayoría musulmana en Oriente Medio.

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