Paul Lachine

¿Erdogan, el pacificador?

ESTAMBUL – El primer ministro de Turquía, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, ha emprendido un desafío abrumador. Después de participar en la cumbre de seguridad nuclear celebrada en Corea del Sur a finales de marzo, viajó a Teherán para instar a los dirigentes iraníes a llegar a un acuerdo en la siguiente ronda de conversaciones sobre asuntos nucleares entre Irán y los cinco miembros permanentes del Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas (Gran Bretaña, China, Francia, Rusia y los Estados Unidos) y también Alemania. Erdogan será el anfitrión de dichas conversaciones que se llevarán a cabo a mediados de abril en Estambul.

La última vez que Erdogan había viajado a Teherán fue en mayo de 2010 para concluir un acuerdo previamente negociado que formalizaba el envío de parte de Irán de grandes cantidades de uranio poco enriquecido a Turquía a cambio de combustible nuclear para el reactor de investigación iraní. El acuerdo, en el que participaron como mediadores Turquía y Brasil, se presentó al resto del mundo como una iniciativa innovadora para la creación de confianza.

Sin embargo, los Estados Unidos y sus aliados rápidamente rechazaron el acuerdo pues consideraron que era una estratagema de Irán a fin de detener las crecientes intenciones de aplicar sanciones adicionales. La insistencia de Turquía para proseguir con el acuerdo causó tensión en los Estados Unidos y generó críticas internas y externas en el sentido de que el gobierno de Erdogan estaba alejándose de su alianza de larga data con Occidente.

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