Flood in India Pacific Press

La geopolítica de los desafíos ambientales

LONDRES – Gran parte del mundo parece estar en ascuas. La relación de Occidente con Rusia, el futuro de la OTAN, la guerra civil y los refugiados sirios, el creciente populismo de derecha, el impacto de la automatización y la inminente salida del Reino Unido de la Unión Europea: todos estos temas -y más- han agitado el debate público en todo el mundo. Pero hay una cuestión -se podría decir que la más importante de todas- que se ignora o se deja de lado: el medio ambiente.

Eso sucedió en la reunión anual de este año del Foro Económico Mundial en Davos, Suiza. Más allá de una mención del acuerdo climático de París por parte del presidente chino, Xi Jinping, temas como el cambio climático y el desarrollo sustentable ni siquiera llegaron a la escena principal. Por el contrario, quedaron relegados a reuniones laterales que pocas veces parecían vinculadas a los acontecimientos políticos y económicos del momento. 

Permitir que se dejen de lado las cuestiones ambientales en este momento de inestabilidad geopolítica y social es un error, y no sólo porque éste resulta ser un momento crítico en la lucha por gestionar el cambio climático. La degradación ambiental y la inseguridad de los recursos naturales están minando nuestra capacidad para ocuparnos de algunas de las principales cuestiones globales que enfrentamos.

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