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La géopolitique des défis environnementaux

LONDRES – De toutes parts, le monde semble actuellement évoluer sur le fil du rasoir. Relations entre pays occidentaux et Russie, avenir de l’OTAN, guerre civile syrienne et crise migratoire, montée du populisme d’extrême droite, impact de l’automatisation, sortie prochaine du Royaume-Uni hors de l’Union européenne : toutes ces évolutions – et bien d’autres – agitent le débat public dans le monde entier. Un autre sujet – peut-être le plus important de tous – semble en revanche ignoré ou relégué au second plan : la question de l’environnement.

C’est ce que l’on a pu observer début 2017 lors du rassemblement annuel du Forum économique mondial de Davos, en Suisse. Au-delà d’une simple évocation de l’accord climatique de Paris par le président chinois Xi Jinping, les sujets tels que le changement climatique et le développement durable n’ont même pas été portés sur le devant de la scène. Ces questions ont seulement été traitées dans le cadre de réunions en marge du Forum, et ont rarement semblé se mêler aux événements politiques et économiques actuels.

Nous commettons une erreur en laissant de côté les problématiques environnementales en cette période d’instabilité géopolitique et sociale, et pas seulement parce que cette négligence survient à un moment crucial dans la lutte contre le changement climatique, mais également parce que la dégradation et la précarité des ressources naturelles affectent notre capacité à résoudre quelques-uns des plus grands défis mondiaux auxquels nous sommes confrontés.

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