新世纪的新技术

达沃斯—今年的瑞士达沃斯世界经济论坛要确定地缘政治和人类安全问题,并寻找加快制定更有效的政治、经济和技术工具以解决它们的办法。我们这一代人的最紧迫挑战包括食品、水和能源短缺;气候变化和海平面上升;以及新的耐药性疾病的蔓延。

此前,人类便已面临着生存威胁和地球健康威胁,但我们通过巧思和发明成功避免了启示录的发生,或者至少推迟了它。今年的达沃斯会议将让我们略微了解下一波拯救生命、地球和经济的发现和产品将会产生于何处,以及我们应该将天才和资金用于何处以刺激下一代变革性技术。

生物学、物理学和工程学的加速趋同给我们带来了层出不穷的新技术方案。想象一下,一座火电厂只排放水和新鲜空气。再地球内部,设计师酵母细胞将燃煤过程所产生的二氧化碳转化为地板砖和其他建筑材料的原料。

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