Alexei Druzhinin/Getty Images

Der Aufbau der BRICS

MANCHESTER – Vor 15 Jahren habe ich in einer Abhandlung zum ersten Mal den Begriff „BRICs“ für die großen aufstrebenden Volkswirtschaften verwendet: Brasilien, Russland, Indien und China (Südafrika kam 2010 hinzu). Nachdem ein von mir geleitetes Gremium, das mit Untersuchungen zu antimikrobieller Resistenz (AMR) befasst war seinen Abschlussbericht vorgelegt hat, ist nun auch meine kurze Amtszeit in der britischen Regierung beendet. Während ich darüber nachdenke, was ich als Nächstes tun werde, komme ich immer wieder auf das Thema 15 Jahre BRICs zurück. Haben diese großen und vielversprechenden Schwellenländer die Erwartungen erfüllt?

Die einfachste Antwort auf diese Frage findet sich vielleicht im Zusammenhang mit meiner Arbeit im AMR-Gremium, das 2014 vom ehemaligen britischen Premierminister David Cameron ins Leben gerufen wurde. Am 21. September haben wir einen großen Sieg errungen: eine Einigung auf Ebene der Staats- und Regierungschefs der Vereinten Nationen zum Thema antimikrobielle Resistenz.

Ein deutsches Fernsehteam, das mein Team und mich zeitweise begleitet hat, während wir damit beschäftigt waren, für das Problem AMR zu sensibilisieren, fragte mich, nachdem die Einigung erzielt worden war, vor laufender Kamera, ob dieses Ergebnis wichtiger sei als das BRIC-Konzept. Ohne meine Antwort auch nur abzuwarten, erklärten die Reporter, dass das offensichtlich der Fall sei. Und sie haben Recht: Keine Volkswirtschaft, ob Schwellenland oder in einem anderen Stadium der Entwicklung, kann erfolgreich sein, wenn es von einer Bedrohung für die Gesundheit heimgesucht wird, die so ernst und unkontrollierbar ist wie AMR.

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