Поддержать запрет на ядерные испытания

СТОКГОЛЬМ/МЕХИКО. Индонезийский парламент только что совершил исторический шаг, который сделает планету более защищенной от угрозы ядерных вооружений. Важность решения Индонезии ратифицировать Договор о всеобъемлющем запрещении ядерных испытаний (ДВЗЯИ) не может быть переоценена. Это прекрасная возможность для оставшихся восьми стран одобрить ДВЗЯИ, что позволит ему вступить в законную силу.

За пять десятилетий после второй мировой войны ядерные испытания сотрясали и облучали планету в среднем каждые 9 дней. Эта эпоха закончилась в 1996 году, когда Договор о всеобъемлющем запрещении ядерных испытаний был принят Генеральной Ассамблеей Организации Объединенных Наций. Но для вступления ДВЗЯИ в силу все 44 государства, указанные в качестве держателей ядерных технологий, должны его ратифицировать. Пока они этого не сделают, призрак ядерных испытаний будет продолжать нас преследовать.

Крайне важно, чтобы ДВЗЯИ полностью законно вступил в силу во всем мире как можно скорее. Полный запрет на любые ядерные взрывы будет мешать модернизации существующих ядерных арсеналов и развитию новых видов оружия, уменьшая возможности как нынешних, так и потенциальных «ядерных» государств. ДВЗЯИ усиливает как ядерное нераспространение, так и ядерное разоружение, а также имеет важное значение для обеспечения глобальной, региональной и национальной безопасности.

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