Plädoyer für den Atomteststopp

STOCKHOLM/MEXICO CITY – Das Parlament von Indonesien hat gerade einen historischen Schritt unternommen, der den Planeten etwas mehr vor der Bedrohung durch Atomwaffen schützen wird. Die Bedeutung der Entscheidung Indonesiens, den Kernwaffenteststopp-Vertrag zu unterzeichnen, kann gar nicht genug gewürdigt werden. Dies ist eine einmalige Gelegenheit für die verbleibenden acht Länder, den CTBT zu ratifizieren, so dass er rechtskräftig werden kann.

In den fünf Jahrzehnten nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg hat durchschnittlich alle neun Tage ein Atomtest den Planeten erschüttert und verstrahlt. Diese Ära endete 1996, als der Kernwaffenteststopp-Vertrag von der Vollversammlung der Vereinten Nationen verabschiedet wurde. Damit er allerdings in Kraft tritt, muss er von allen 44 Ländern, die im Besitz von Atomtechnologie sind, ratifiziert werden. Bis dahin wird uns das Schreckgespenst der Atomtests weiter verfolgen.

Es ist dringend notwendig, dass der CTBT in der ganzen Welt so schnell wie möglich rechtsgültig wird. Ein vollständiges Verbot aller Atomexplosionen würde die Hochrüstung bestehender Atomwaffenarsenale und die Entwicklung neuer Waffen und damit das Potenzial aktueller und möglicher Atomstaaten behindern. Der CTBT unterstützt sowohl die Nicht-Verbreitung als auch die Atomabrüstung und ist für die globale, regionale und nationale Sicherheit unverzichtbar.

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