المعاقل الاخيرة لشلل الاطفال

لاجوس- عندما كنت ولدا صغيرا في كانو في شمال نيجيريا كان معلمي للقران مشلول القدمين تماما حتى الخصر وكان هناك ولد ترعرعت معه لم يكن باستطاعته استخدام قدميه ولقد كان هذا قبل خمسين سنة ولم اكن اعرف عندئذ ان ذلك هو شلل اطفال فلقد كانت تلك الامور من حقائق الحياة في نيجيريا وفي ذلك الوقت لم اكن اتخيل ان كل تلك الاضرار كان يمكن تجنبها بمطعوم  يمكن استخدامه بسهوله وانه لو تم تطعيم اولئك الاشخاص لتمكنوا من تجنب الشلل .

في العقود الستة منذ اختراع اول مطعوم لشلل الاطفال ، تم القضاء على المرض في معظم البلدان حول العالم وحتى البلدان التي تواجه معوقات كثيرة مثل الهند والتي يبلغ عدد سكانها 1،2 بليون نسمة وتعاني من انتشار الفقر وعدم كفاية البنية التحتية قد تمكنت من التخلص من مرض شلل الاطفال .

ان نيجيريا هي واحدة من ثلاث بلدان – مع افغانستان والباكستان – ما تزال تعاني من مرض شلل الاطفال . كانو هي واحدة من اماكن قليلة في العالم تم تسجيل ثلاث سلالات مختلفة من المرض فيها في سنة 2012 .

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