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忽视经济大局

伯克利—我最近听世贸组织前总干事拉米(Pascal Lamy)转述了一则佛教传说,禅宗六世祖惠能对无尽藏比丘尼说:“智者指月,愚者见指不见月。”拉米补充说:“市场资本主义就是月。全球化就是指。”

如今,反全球化情绪在西方全面崛起,今年也成为望指(finger-watching)的一年。在英国退欧公投中,“小英国人”投票脱离欧盟;在美国,唐纳德·特朗普赢得总统大选,因为他让足够多的关键州选民相信他将“让美国再次伟大”,而其手段就包括为美国重新谈判各不相同的贸易“协议”。

让我们这样引导我们自己:想一想经济政策之月现在是怎么一副模样,特别是从增长和不平等的角度看。首先,信息处理、机器人和生物技术等领域的技术创新仍然在以惊人的速度加速。但北大西洋国家的年生产率增长从1870年以来早已习以为常的2%的水平下降到如今的1%左右。生产率增长是一个重要的经济指标,因为它衡量实现相同水平经济产出的资源和人力同比下降率。

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