Sustainable growth model city Amir Jina/Flickr

增长难题

伯克利——世界正面临一个重大难题。虽然过去50年经济快速增长对支持经济发展至关重要,但我们现在已经了解增长也能带来严重的不良后果,特别是在环境领域。我们该如何平衡必要的增长与可持续性之间的关系?

超10亿人已在过去20年来人均收入前所未有的增长中脱贫。发展中国家预期寿命自20世纪70年代中期以来延长了20年,且过去30年来成人文盲率几乎降低了一半左右。

但经济快速发展已经给环境造成了巨大的压力。此外,经济发展还造成收入差距不断拉大,现在在很多国家已经达到历史高位(尽管世界各国间缩小了这种收入差距)。有鉴于此,有人可能认为经济增长放缓对世界有利。

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