Pedro Molina

La panique a ses limites

COPENHAGUE – Nous entendons souvent parler de la fin du monde tel que nous le connaissons, en général à cause d’un effondrement écologique. En fait, plus de quarante ans après la publication par le Club de Rome des prévisions les plus apocalyptiques qui soient dans le rapport Halte à la croissance ?, les appréciations fondamentales qu’il contient sont toujours présentes dans les esprits . Mais le passage du temps ne lui a pas donné raison.

Le message de ce rapport publié en 1972 était qu’un effondrement dévastateur était imminent. Pourtant, si nous avons depuis lors assisté à des paniques financières, il n’y a pas eu de vraies pénuries ou de chute brutale de la production. Au contraire, les ressources générées par l’ingéniosité humaine restent supérieures à ce que consomme la population mondiale.

Mais le principal héritage de ce rapport perdure : nous avons pris l’habitude d’être obsédés par des remèdes inadaptés à des problèmes essentiellement triviaux, aux dépens des problèmes fondamentaux et des remèdes sensés.

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