reading paper Edd Sowden/Flickr

Как вдохновить экономический рост

НЬЮ-ХЕЙВЕН – В своей первой инаугурационной речи, произнесенной в разгар «Великой депрессии», президент США Франклин Делано Рузвельт сказал американцам знаменитые слова: «Единственное, чего нам следует бояться, это страха». Напомнив о библейской «Книге Исхода», он добавил: «Мы не стали жертвой какого-нибудь нашествия саранчи». Не было материальных причин депрессии; в марте 1933 года проблема была в головах людей.

То же самое можно сказать сегодня – семь лет спустя после мирового финансового кризиса 2008 года – по поводу многих сохраняющихся слабых мест в мировой экономике. Страх вынуждает людей ограничивать расходы, а компании воздерживаться от инвестиций; в результате экономика слабеет, подтверждая обоснованность страхов, что приводит к еще большим ограничениям в расходах. Спад углубляется, начинается движение по порочному кругу безысходности. Хотя финансовый кризис 2008 года миновал, мы остаемся в плену того эмоционального круга, который он привел в движение.

Это чем-то похоже на страх сцены. Зацикленность на беспокойстве по поводу выступления может вызвать неуверенность или привести к утрате вдохновения. Страх становится фактом, беспокойство нарастет, а качество выступления падает. Как только этот цикл запущен, его очень трудно остановить.

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