La edad de la vulnerabilidad

NUEVA YORK – Dos nuevos estudios muestran, una vez más, la magnitud del problema de la desigualdad que azota a Estados Unidos. El primero, el informe anual sobre ingresos y pobreza, emitido por la Oficina del Censo de Estados Unidos, muestra que, a pesar de la supuesta recuperación de la economía desde la Gran Recesión, los ingresos de los estadounidenses comunes continúan estancándose. El ingreso promedio de los hogares, ajustado a la inflación, se mantiene por debajo de su nivel hace un cuarto de siglo.

Antes se pensaba que la mayor fortaleza de Estados Unidos no era su poder militar, sino un sistema económico que era la envidia del mundo. Sin embargo, ¿por qué otros buscarían emular un modelo económico mediante el cual una gran parte – incluso una mayoría – de la población ha visto que sus ingresos se estancan mientras que los ingresos de los ubicados en la parte superior de la distribución de ingresos se disparan al alza?

Un segundo estudio, el Informe sobre Desarrollo Humano 2014 del Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo corrobora estos hallazgos. Cada año, el PNUD publica una clasificación de países según su índice de desarrollo humano (IDH), el cual incorpora otras dimensiones del bienestar además del ingreso, que incluyen las relacionadas a la salud y educación.

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