Angus Deaton wins the 2015 Nobel Prize in economics. Cesareo/Fotogramma/Ropi via ZUMA Press

邦弱国穷

普林斯顿—在苏格兰,我从小就认为警察是朋友,需要时可以求助。19岁时我第一次来到美国时,我向一名正在时代广场疏导交通的纽约市警察询问最近的邮局怎么走,他爆出一连串粗口,令我愕然。此后我一直处于懵懂状态,把我老板的急件丢进了垃圾箱——我觉得它和邮筒长得一模一样。

欧洲人对他们的政府的看法大多比美国人更加积极,对后者来说,联邦、州和地方政客的失败和不得人心乃是家常便饭。但美国各级政府征收税收,然后反过来提供美国人的生活离不开的服务。

与许多富裕国家的公民一样,美国人认为法律和监督制度、公立学校、针对老年人的卫生和社会保障、道路、国防和外交、以及国家队研究(特别是医学方面)的重金投入是理所当然的。当然,并非所有这些服务都能尽如人意,也不是所有人都能得到平等对待;但在绝大多数情况下人们还是照章纳税,如果花钱的方式令一些人感到不爽,就会引起激烈的公共争论,而定期的选举也使人们得以改变轻重缓急。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/8orX04c/zh;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now