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特朗普贸易战的经济后果

伯克利—美国总统特朗普自吹自擂的假贸易战变成真的了。

特朗普在6月初所实施的钢和铝关税重要性主要在于象征价值,而不是真正的经济影响。关税预示着美国不再按照世界贸易体系规则行事,但目标只不过是450亿美元的进口商品,只占美国经济18.5万亿美元GDP的不到0.25%。

但在7月6日,对340亿美元中国出口品增加25%关税的政策开始生效,而中国也针对同等价值的美国出口品采取了报复措施。愤怒的特朗普下令美国贸易代表制定一张可征税的新增中国产品清单,价值超过4,000亿美元,而中国也再次宣布准备报复。特朗普还威胁要对价值3,500亿美元的进口汽车和零件征收关税。如果成真的话,欧盟和其他国家也可能对同等量的美国出口品采取报复。

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