Vaccine child medicine pharmaceutical health Gates Foundation/Flickr

Спасающие жизни лекарства для всех

ПРИНСТОН – Смертельная вспышка лихорадки Эбола в Либерии, Сьерра-Лионе и Гвинее, которая началась в прошлом году, вытащила на свет проблему в производстве фармацевтических препаратов. После того как стало ясно, что эпидемия не будет локализована в скором времени, несколько фирм быстро организовали клинические испытания потенциальных лекарств и вакцин, тем самым указав на то, что у них уже была возможность производить потенциально эффективные лекарства.

Вирус Эболы ‑ это не новая болезнь: он был впервые выявлен в 1976 году. Однако до событий 2014 года крупнейшая вспышка вируса была зафиксирована в Уганде в 2000 году, когда было инфицировано 425 человек, из которых впоследствии погибло 224. Хотя вирус Эболы был классифицирован как заразный, с вероятным летальным исходом, считалось, что в группу риска входит только бедное сельское население Африки. Для фармацевтических фирм разработка вакцины или лечения не казалась коммерчески привлекательной и, следовательно, не привлекла инвестиций.

Ситуация в корне изменилась после последней вспышки. В сентябре 2014 года центры по контролю и профилактике заболеваний США сделали прогноз, что в худшем случае в течение трех месяцев может быть инфицировано 1,4 миллиона человек. Распаленные СМИ опасения того, что болезнь может распространиться в богатые страны, привели к чрезвычайным мерам предосторожности. В Соединенных Штатах президент Барак Обама попросил Конгресс выделить 6,2 млрд долларов, в том числе 2,4 млрд долларов на снижение риска упрочнения болезни в Америке и создание 50 центров по лечению Эболы в США.

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