Roman statue Barbara Sax | getty images

古罗马的唐纳德·特朗普

迪克拉,艾奥瓦—民粹主义在美国政治的历史悠久而丰富,从左翼的休·朗(Huey Long)到右翼的乔治·华莱士(George Wallace),再到——更近一些——1992年的罗斯·佩洛特(Ross Perot)和今天的唐纳德·特朗普。但民粹主义的根源历史要久远得多——超过了两千年,发端于罗马共和国末期。

在罗马共和国的大部分时间里,治国的都是老牌政治家族和知道怎样让民众安顺的可靠的权力掮客。选举有之,但有意设计为让执政阶级获得群众选片的大部分。如果率先投票的罗马贵族已经选择了执政官,那么官员常常连下等阶层的投票箱都不愿意开启了。

偶尔,心怀不满的农民、小酒馆老板和赶驴人也会愤起反抗,迫使统治者免除债务或者获得在政府发声的机会,但这些动乱很快就会通过承诺更美好的未来和雇用一些赋闲角斗士抓获首恶来平息。在公元前二世纪末,贵族格拉古兄弟试图从内部进行政治革命,结果被保守派贵族所杀。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/TDHTR09/zh;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now