L’incubo della disuguaglianza

ABU DHABI – Come disse, notoriamente, l’economista nigeriano Sam Aluko nel 1999: “I poveri non riescono a dormire, perché hanno fame, ed i ricchi non riescono a dormire perché i poveri sono svegli e affamati.” Le disparità del reddito e della ricchezza hanno un impatto su tutti in quanto il sistema politico ed economico dal quale dipende la nostra prosperità non può continuare ad arricchire solo alcuni impoverendo allo stesso tempo altri.

Nei periodi difficili, i poveri perdono la fiducia nei loro leader e nel sistema economico, mentre nei periodi tranquilli sono pochi coloro che ne traggono beneficio. Il coefficiente di Gini, indicatore della disuguaglianza economica, è da diversi anni in aumento sia nei paesi in via di sviluppo che in quelli sviluppati, compresi gli Stati Uniti. In Europa, le disuguaglianze si sono intensificate a causa del rapido aumento della disoccupazione, in particolar modo tra i giovani. Alcuni hanno reagito con le proteste, altri hanno iniziato a sostenere i partiti politici xenofobi di estrema destra, altri ancora stringono i pugni in silenzio con un crescente risentimento verso i politici ed il sistema che essi rappresentano.

Il problema è più forte nelle grandi metropoli del mondo che rappresentano circa l’80% del PIL globale. Ma anche nelle città più sviluppate le disuguaglianze possono essere marcate. Se si prende la metropolitana a Londra, ad esempio, e ci si allontana di circa sei miglia (ovvero 14 fermate) da Westminster, centro del governo, verso Canning Town, nell’area est della città, l’aspettativa di vita degli abitanti diminuisce di sei mesi ad ogni fermata.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/NMFB3Dl/it;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now