不平等的噩梦

阿布扎比——1999年,尼日利亚经济学家萨姆·阿鲁科曾说过这样的名言, “穷人因为饥饿而无法入睡,而富人则因为穷人饿着肚子无法入睡而睡不着。”没有人能够逃脱收入和深层次财富不平等的影响,因为人类繁荣所依赖的政治经济制度不可能无休止地让某些人越来越富,而让其他人越来越穷。

困难时期穷人对本国领袖和经济制度失去信心;而经济向好时,也没有多少人能分得一杯羹。多年来,衡量经济不平等的基尼系数在发展中国家和发达国家(包括美国在内)都一路上升。欧洲失业率(特别是年轻人的失业率)急剧上升导致不平等现象加剧。有人的反应是参与骚乱;有人支持极右翼的排外政党;而更多人则默默压抑着怒火,对政治家及其所代表制度不满的情绪越来越强。

问题最为鲜明是占全球GDP 80%的世界特大城市。但即使最发达城市贫富差距也非常显著。比方说,当你搭乘伦敦地铁从政府中心区威斯敏斯特向东前往仅仅6英里(约为14站)开外的坎宁镇,地面居民的平均寿命每站都会缩短6个月。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/NMFB3Dl/zh;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now