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КОПЕНГАГЕН – В декабре этого года всемирные лидеры встретятся в Копенгагене для обсуждения нового договора об изменении климата с целью сократить выбросы углерода. И все же, принимая во внимание то, как он был подготовлен, он неизбежно обречен на провал. Самая большая надежда возлагается на то, что мы в конце концов усвоим этот урок, чтобы заняться решением этой проблемы более умным способом.

Соединенные Штаты ясно дали понять, что развивающиеся страны должны подписать договор в Копенгагене о существенном сокращении выбросов углерода. Развивающиеся страны – особенно Китай и Индия – будут главными источниками выбросов парниковых газов в двадцать первом веке, но они были освобождены от Киотского Протокола, потому что их выбросы в период индустриализации Запада были столь незначительными. Европа тоже неохотно признала, что без участия развивающихся стран сокращение богатых стран будет иметь небольшое воздействие.

Некоторые хотят, чтобы мы поверили в то, что будет легче, если взять Китай и Индию на борт. Согласно бывшему вице-президенту США Эл Гору, “развивающиеся страны, которые когда-то отказывались участвовать в первых фазах глобальной реакции на климатический кризис, теперь сами стали лидерами, призывающими к действиям и принимающими смелые шаги по своей собственной инициативе”.

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