Жаркие деньки для супер-доллара

КЕМБРИДЖ – Будет ли поставлена под угрозу доминантная позиция США в мире как сверхдержавы, если доллар потеряет статус сверхвалюты? Возможно, и нет, но, несомненно, американцам придется платить значительно больше за мировую гегемонию, если доллар упадет со своего пьедестала.

До сих пор американцы загребали граблями прибыль, беря дешевые займы у податливых иностранцев и вкладывая деньги в высокодоходные акции иностранных компаний, землю и облигации. По некоторым подсчетам, американцы зарабатывали от 300 до 400 миллиардов долларов ежегодно на протяжении многих последних лет – эта сумма приблизительно составляет военный бюджет США.

Бывший президент Франции Шарль де Голль однажды сделал свое знаменитое высказывание по поводу «чрезмерной привилегии» для американцев. Де Голля приводило в ярость то, что США смогли наводнить весь мир долларами и обзавестись долгами без видимых предпосылок к более высокой инфляции или процентных ставок.

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