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监管数字鸿沟

伦敦—全球经济的日益数字化正在改变商品和服务如何跨境生产、分销和出售。云计算、人工智能、自主系统、和“智能装置”等技术正在酝酿新产业、颠覆旧产业。

但是,尽管这些变化能够带来重要的收益,数字化之速也在各国内部和各国之间制造了艰巨的治理挑战。现有全球规则——写在多边、地区和双边贸易和投资协定中——正在受到数字化所催生的新进程的挑战。

这给了国家政府更大的空间干预数字经济。比如,中国建立了自己的数字产业,利用互联网过滤、数据本地化(要求互联网企业在本地服务器存储数据)和强制技术转移推动数字发展。这帮助了腾讯和百度等中国数字巨头的崛起,但也常常对言论自由和信息的普及造成负面影响。

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