Macbook launch Josh Edelson/Stringer

Адаптация к новой глобализации

БЕРКЛИ – Во всем мире, страны пересматривают условия участия в мировой торговле. Это не так уж плохо; в действительности, признание разрушительных последствий глобализации на миллионы рабочих в странах с развитой экономикой, назревало давно. Но новая торговая политика должна основываться на четком понимании того, как развивается глобализация, а не на ретроспективных видениях на базе последних 30 лет.

Глобализация сделала для мира много хорошего. Исследования, проведенные Глобальным институтом компании МакКензи (MGI) показывают, что благодаря глобальным потокам товаров, услуг, финансов, данных и людей, мировой ВВП увеличился на более чем 10% – около $7.8 триллионов только в 2014 году – в сравнении с тем, что было бы, если бы экономики оставались закрытыми.

Более взаимосвязанные страны захватили наибольшую долю этих дополнительных выгод. Например, у Соединенных Штатов Америки, которые занимают третье место среди 195 стран по Индексу Связности MGI, это получилось достаточно хорошо. Формирующиеся рыночные экономики, также добились значительных успехов, используя экспортно-ориентированную индустриализацию в качестве трамплина для быстрого роста.

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