¿Los pobres son los causantes de la crisis?

WASHINGTON, DC – Estados Unidos sigue desgarrado por un acalorado debate sobre las causas de la crisis financiera de 2007-2009. ¿Hay que echarle la culpa al gobierno por lo que salió mal? Y, si fuera así, ¿de qué manera?

En diciembre, la minoría republicana en la Comisión de Investigación de la Crisis Financiera (FCIC, por su sigla en inglés) intervino con una narrativa de disenso preventiva. De acuerdo con este grupo, las políticas equivocadas del gobierno, destinadas a aumentar la cantidad de propietarios de viviendas entre la gente relativamente pobre, empujó a demasiada gente a contraer hipotecas de alto riesgo que no podían pagar.

Potencialmente, esta narrativa puede ganar mucho respaldo, especialmente en la Cámara de Representantes controlada por los republicanos y en las vísperas de la elección presidencial de 2012. Pero, mientras que los republicanos de la FCIC escriben elocuentemente, ¿tienen alguna prueba para respaldar sus aseveraciones? ¿La gente pobre en Estados Unidos es responsable de causar la crisis global más grave en más de una generación?

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