为对抗气候变化融资

巴黎—气候变化已给发展中世界造成了严重破坏。比如,越南报告说,一些自然灾害因为气候变化而加剧,而自然灾害每年造成的损失相当于其GDP的2%。在埃塞俄比亚等农业国,更长时期的干旱和更频繁的洪水正在威胁牲畜和食品供给。

12月,国际社会将在巴黎召开联合国气候变化会议,确定并梳理对抗气候变化的资金源必须作为重中之重。法国开发署(French Development Agency,AFD,由我担任CEO)等开发银行可以做出贡献。

首先,开发银行可以为同时有利于发展和环境的工程提供融资。如今,全球变暖已是所有发展项目规划时都要考虑的关键因素。比如,气候变化的影响可能给基础设施——农业灌溉、公共交通和其他几乎所有领域——带来临界风险。与此同时,收入的增加——发展项目的目标——几乎总是意味着增加自然资源和能源的消费,导致更多排放和进一步变暖。

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