Development aid women nepal Narendra Shrestha/Department for International Development/Flickr

Jak maximálně využít větší objem pomoci

PAŘÍŽ – Snaha vymýtit globální chudobu nikdy nebyla intenzivnější než dnes. Podle nových údajů OECD dosáhla celková oficiální rozvojová pomoc druhý rok za sebou historického maxima ve výši 135 miliard dolarů. To naznačuje, že rozvinuté ekonomiky zůstávají navzdory vlastním nedávným problémům odhodlané podporovat globální rozvoj.

Připočteme-li k tomu značné výdaje Číny, arabských států a latinskoamerických zemí na investice a půjčky, pak je zřejmé, že tok oficiální rozvojové pomoci do rozvojového světa dosáhl nevídané úrovně. Přesto bychom neměli dopustit, aby čísla z novinových titulků zastínila příležitosti využívat tyto zdroje efektivněji.

Oficiální pomoc z dárcovských zemí pomohla snížit extrémní chudobu a dětskou úmrtnost na polovinu a byla hnacím motorem pokroku také na mnoha dalších frontách. Začíná však být zjevné, že setrvalý tok rozvojové pomoci nepostačí k vymýcení extrémní chudoby do roku 2030 a k realizaci nových Cílů trvale udržitelného rozvoje OSN, které mají být dohodnuty v letošním roce.

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