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Innovazione sanitaria nel Sud del mondo

DHAKA – Un certo numero di bambini muore ogni giorno per malattie che si potrebbero prevenire e curare, come la diarrea e la polmonite, e il mondo in via di sviluppo è dove si concentra la maggior parte delle vittime. La necessità di trovare soluzioni innovative ed economicamente vantaggiose da poter attuare in contesti poveri di risorse non potrebbe, dunque, essere più eclatante.    

Prendiamo la polmonite, che è responsabile del 15% del totale dei decessi tra i bambini sotto i cinque anni – quasi un milione – ogni anno. Un elemento chiave nella cura dei bambini ricoverati per una polmonite acuta è il sistema della bolla CPAP (pressione positiva continua delle vie aeree), in cui un compressore fornisce ossigeno al paziente, assicurando un flusso d’aria costante durante il trattamento.   

Nel mondo sviluppato, la ventilazione assistita in modalità CPAP si avvale di ventilatori meccanici; essendo però tali dispositivi troppo costosi per i sistemi sanitari dei paesi in via di sviluppo, milioni di pazienti in quest’area del mondo sono tagliati fuori dalla possibilità di usufruire di un presidio che potrebbe salvare loro la vita.

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