BSIP/ Getty Images

Inovasi Pelayanan Kesehatan di Negara-negara Selatan

DHAKA – Setiap hari terjadi kematian anak akibat penyakit-penyakit yang bisa dicegah dan diobati seperti diare dan pneumonia (paru-paru basah) yang mana mayoritas korban meninggal berada di negara-negara berkembang. Kebutuhan untuk menghasilkan solusi inovatif dan cost-effective bagi negara-negara yang memiliki keterbatasan sumber daya kini semakin mendesak.

Salah satu contohnya adalah pneumonia, penyakit yang menyebabkan 15% kematian pada anak di bawah 5 tahun – hampir satu juta anak – setiap tahunnya. Komponen utama pengobatan bagi anak-anak yang dirawat di RS karena menderita pneumonia akut adalah “bubble CPAP” (continuous positive airway pressure), yang mana sebuah kompresor mengalirkan oksigen kepada pasien, mempertahankan aliran udara konstan selama proses pengobatan.

Di negara-negara maju, alat bantu nafas mekanik/ventilator merupakan alat bantu seperti bubble CPAP. Namun ventilator mekanik terlampau mahal bagi sistem kesehatan negara-negara berkembang, akibatnya jutaan pasien di negara-negara Selatan (Global South) tidak mampu mengakses bubble CPAP yang bisa menyelamatkan hidup mereka.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/qNGo58c/id;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now