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全球南部的医疗创新

达卡——每天都有儿童死于可预防和治疗的腹泻和肺炎等疾病,这些受害者绝大多数来自发展中国家。在资源贫乏环境中提供具有成本效益的创新方案其必要性已经不能再明显了。

以占5岁以下儿童死亡人数15%的肺炎为例,15%意味着每年致死近百万儿童。“新生儿呼吸机”(持续气道正压通气)是因严重肺炎入院儿童治疗的关键部分,由压缩机为患者输送氧气,从而在整个治疗过程中保证连续的空气流。

在发达国家,持续气道正压通气这样的呼吸支持主要由机械式呼吸机负责提供。但发展中国家的医疗体系无法负担价格昂贵的机械式呼吸装置,从而导致成百上千万的全球南部患者得不到挽救生命的持续气道正压通气治疗。

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