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الابتكار في الخدمات الصحية ببلدان الجنوب

داكا - يموت أطفال كثيرون كل يوم اٍثر إصابتهم بأمراض يمكن الوقاية منها وعلاجها مثل الإسهال والاٍلتهاب الرئوي، وتوجد غالبية الضحايا في العالم النامي. هناك حاجة ماسة إلى ابتكار حلول فعالة وغير مكلفة والتي بموجبها يمكن منح العلاجات والأدوية الضرورية للمناطق المحرومة.

فالاٍلتهاب الرئوي مثلا يمثل 15٪ من مجموع وفيات الأطفال دون سن الخامسة - وما يقرب من مليون طفل  كل عام. ومن المكونات الرئيسية لعلاج الأطفال في المستشفى بسبب إصابتهم بالتهاب رئوي حاد "فقاعة CPAP" (الضغط الهوائي الإيجابي المستمر)، والتي يقوم الضاغط من خلالها بتسليم الأوكسجين للمريض، وضمان تدفق مستمر للهواء أثناء عملية المعالجة.

في العالم المتقدم، توفر أجهزة التهوية الميكانيكية الدعم التنفسي لفقاعة CPAP. لكن أجهزة التهوية الميكانيكية مكلفة للغاية بالنسبة للنظم الصحية في البلدان النامية، وبذلك لن يتمكن الملايين من المرضى في معظم جنوب العالم من الحصول على فقاعة CPAP المنقذة للحياة.

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