Специально подобранное питание?

На протяжении всей нашей жизни мы подвергаемся воздействию множества разнообразных компонентов пищевых продуктов. Посредством сложных биохимических процессов из пищевых продуктов извлекается энергия и другие полезные элементы, дающие нам возможность жить и функционировать. Сегодня известно, что многие пищевые компоненты, которым не придавалось большого значения в прошлом, влияют на наше здоровье. Например, ликопен, содержащийся в готовых томатных соусах, может помочь предотвратить рак простаты.

Действительно, каждый из нас знает, что пищевые продукты могут иметь положительное и отрицательное воздействие на здоровье. Может быть, пищевые продукты и не способны излечить нас от конкретных заболеваний, но питание богатое овощами и фруктами, злаками и растительными маслами может предохранить от многих видов рака, кардиоваскулярных болезней и других заболеваний, распространенных среди пожилых людей. Проблема в равной степени ученых и потребителей состоит в том, что полезное воздействие пищевых продуктов различно для разных людей

Таким образом, нам необходимо понять, как употребляемые нами продукты взаимодействуют с нашим организмом или, более конкретно, с нашими генами, чтобы воздействовать на наше здоровье. Эта наука называется нутригеномикой. Долгосрочная цель нутригеномики заключается в определении того, как организм реагирует на пищу, используя так называемую «системную биологию».

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