Hong Kong : la démocratie étouffée

Cette semaine marque le 15° anniversaire de la promulgation de la Constitution de Hong Kong par l'Assemblée populaire nationale chinoise. Encore appelée Loi fondamentale, elle est supposée définir un cadre politique conforme au principe "un pays, deux systèmes" formulé par le feu Deng Xiaoping qui accorde une grande part d'autonomie à Hong Kong.

Selon ce principe, le système économique capitaliste en vigueur à Hong Kong, l'état de droit et le style de vie devaient être préservés. Il prévoyait également que le chef de l'exécutif et le Conseil législatif seraient issus du suffrage universel. Hormis la défense et les Affaires étrangères, Hong Kong devait rester maître de son destin.

En dépit de la promesse de suffrage universel qu'elle comporte, la Loi fondamentale restreint la vie démocratique pour les dix premières années qui suivent la rétrocession de Hong Kong à la Chine. Il en résulte que l'exercice effectif de la démocratie ne peut être envisagé avant 2007.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.