Paul Lachine

Новый взгляд на распространение демократии

КЕМБРИДЖ – Президент Джордж Буш прославился, провозгласив распространение демократии за основной приоритет внешней политики США. Однако подобные обещания звучали и раньше. Большинство американских президентов после Вудро Вилсона делали похожие заявления.  

Тем более поразительным было заявление Хиллари Клинтон, сделанное ранее в этом году в Конгрессе о трёх ключевых вопросах американской внешней политики – безопасности, дипломатии и развитии. Слово «демократия» было заметно своим отсутствием, свидетельствуя о том, что политика администрации Барака Обамы встала на новый курс.

Как Билл Клинтон, так и Джордж Буш часто ссылались на благотворное влияние демократии на безопасность. Они цитировали исследования учёных в области социальных наук, показывающих, что демократии редко воюют друг с другом. Однако, если этих учёных цитировать с большей точностью, именно либеральные демократии практически никогда не ведут войн, и, возможно, именно либерально конституционная культура играет более важную роль, чем простой факт проведения выборов.    

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