Бездействие демократии во Всемирном банке

Джеймс Волфенсон, президент Всемирного банка, объявил о своем намерении уйти в отставку, и в настоящее время ведутся поиски нового главы этой наиболее важной и способствующей развитию всемирной многосторонней организации. Данный выбор имеет особенно большое значение сейчас, когда бедность в странах третьего мира, наконец-то, признана самой большой проблемой и вызовом.

Использование слова "банк" для названия Всемирного банка, принижает его важность и то множество ролей, которые он играет. Он действительно выдает ссуды странам для финансирования различных проектов и помогает им во время кризисов (как, например, предоставление 10 миллиардов долларов Корее в 1997-1998 годах). Он играл и играет важную роль в проведении восстановительных работ в различных странах мира после происходивших там вооруженных конфликтов.

Но Всемирный банк также предоставляет гранты и займы под низкие проценты самым бедным странам на развитие сферы образования и здравоохранения, а также дает этим странам рекомендации относительно стратегии развития. Он очень часто объединялся с МВФ, и они принуждали эти страны принимать такие "рекомендации": и не прими они этих рекомендаций, то они перестали бы получать дотации не только от МВФ и Всемирного банка, но также и от других доноров, а рынкам капитала были бы даны рекомендации не предоставлять таким странам требуемые им фонды.

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