Вернуть избранное правительство Египта

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Для того чтобы положить конец углублению поляризации Египта и росту кровопролития, необходимо предпринять один наиболее срочный шаг: восстановить Мохамеда Мурси в качестве законно избранного президента Египта. Его смещение при помощи военного переворота было неоправданным. И хотя то, что миллионы демонстрантов выступают против правления Мурси, является правдой, даже массовые протесты не являются оправданием для военного переворота во имя «народа», когда результаты выборов неоднократно говорят об обратном.

Вне всяких сомнений, египетское общество глубоко разделено по религиозным, идеологическим, классовым и региональным направлениям. Тем не менее, страна несколько раз ходила на выборы, начиная с февраля 2011 года, после свержения 30-летнего правления Мубарака. Полученные результаты показали сильную общественную поддержку исламистских партий и позиций, и в то же время прояснили места расколов страны.

В конце 2011 и начале 2012 года в Египте состоялись парламентские выборы. Партия Мурси «Свобода и Справедливость», созданная «Братьями-мусульманами», получила большинство голосов, а два основных исламистских блока вместе получили около двух третей голосов. В июне 2012 года Мурси победил своего соперника, Ахмеда Шафика, последнего премьер-министра со времен правления Мубарака, победив на президентских выборах с перевесом 52-48%. На всенародном референдуме в декабре 2012 года 64% большинство принявших участие в голосовании поддержало проект конституции, поддерживаемый «Братьями-мусульманами» (хотя явка была низкой).

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