Demokracie v úzkých

Začíná přílivová vlna demokracie opadávat? Ještě před pouhým desetiletím hovořili lidé o konci dějin, o konečném a nezpochybnitelném triumfu svobodných trhů a demokracie. Zdá se však, že veřejné mínění v řadě zemí se nyní obrací proti demokracii, tvrdí někdejší ministr zahraničí Polska Bronislaw Geremek a navrhuje, jakými způsoby by se tento trend možná dal zvrátit.

V osmi z deseti zemí, které v květnu 2004 vstoupí do Evropské unie, vládl až donedávna totalitní diktátorský režim a navíc tyto země zotročoval jiný stát. Návrat vlády založené na vůli většiny občanů se po celá desetiletí zdál v těchto zemích jako nedosažitelný sen, podobně jako totéž dodnes zůstává snem pro občany Barmy ovládané vojenskou juntou.

Demokracie bezpochyby zaznamenala po celém světě úspěch. O to více ohromuje, že podpora demokracie je dnes téměř všude nahlodána. Projekt Pewova centra o globálních postojích pro rok 2003 výslovně zmiňuje země, v nichž důležitost voleb chápe jen malý počet občanů: 28% v Jordánsku, 37% v Rusku, 40% v Indonésii.

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