Дефляционный штиль?

КЕМБРИДЖ. Сегодня в США и некоторых других ведущих странах уровень инфляции близок к нулю. Согласно отчету «The Economist», по данным опрошенных экономистов потребительские цены в США и Японии, в общем, снизятся в 2009 году, в то время как инфляция в еврозоне составит около 0,6%. В Южной Корее, на Тайване и в Таиланде также произойдет снижение потребительских цен.

Перспектива падения цен отражает упадок промышленного производства, вытекающий из этого высокий уровень безработицы, а также значительное снижение товарных цен. В странах с дефляцией скорость падения производства измеряется двухзначными цифрами, а индекс цен на все товары за прошедший год снизился более чем на 30%.

Потенциально дефляция представляет собой очень серьезную проблему, так как падающие цены – и ожидание того, что цены будут продолжать снижаться – могут усугубить текущий экономический спад по трем определенным направлениям.

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