防卫日本的国防

日本政府和国家安全委员会计划在今年底之前修改国家防卫计划大纲(NDPO)。提交给首相小泉纯一郎的修改草案给自卫队(SDF)分配了三项关键性的任务:对新的威胁做出有效的反应、参与国际维和活动、抵抗侵略。

当前安全因素复杂多变,除了传统的国与国之间的战争外,非国家的活动分子实施的恐怖袭击也频频发生,因此需要一个敏捷、统一的战略。NDPO的修改草案似乎认识到这一点,同时强调日本自卫、日美联盟的合作、以及对多边使命做出贡献的必要性。此外,国家安全委员会还指出有必要制定新的计划,建立多功能的灵活防卫部队。

不幸的是,日本新的安全战略的关键部分仍然模糊不清,自相矛盾。例如,虽然遭受侵略的可能性被认为很低,但2004年国防白皮书还是辩称自卫队“最基本的职能”是预防最糟糕的事件发生,因为充分的自卫能力不能在一夜之间产生。也就是说,日本明确声称它将结合日美安全制度保卫自己的国家,防止侵略。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/TFAbclt/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now